Longterm Treatment for Terminally Ill Patient Called into Question
Longterm treatment and care can oftentimes be difficult and emotionally taxing for all involved. What's more, when an already arduous process is muddled by improper actions by the medical staff, legal resolutions do exist but are unlikely to remedy the problems caused.
After what seemed like a never-ending nap, an individual who will not be named was transferred to Our Lady of Lourdes Regional Medical Center in Lafayette, Louisiana, where she spent the last nineteen days of her life. Her family, including her husband and three children, brought a medical malpractice case against her treating and diagnosing physicians as well as their insurance carrier. After a grant of summary judgment and a denied motion to continue, the decedent's family followed with an appeal against the treating neurologist, Dr. Steven Snatic, and his medical malpractice insurance provider, Louisiana Medical Mutual Insurance Company (hereinafter "LAMMICO"), claiming the denial of appropriate care, misdiagnosis and resultant death. Upon further analysis of the underlying issues, the court reversed the grant of summary judgment and the matter was remanded to the trial court.
An expert witness testified to the medical review panel that the decedent was properly diagnosed and treated, despite the fact that she was treated for a condition she did not have. The basis for this argument was that the treatment for the misdiagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis was supportive for her true condition, cerebritis. Simply stated, this is a bit like saying if you have a headache and take an aspirin, which happens to also cure the pain in your back, then you're covered. While this seems to be a difficult legal argument, the expert explained that because the decedent had lupus, it was difficult to make an accurate diagnosis.
The appellate court reviews appeals of summary judgments de novo, basically starting from scratch, with an eye toward determining three issues: (1) whether the decision of the lower court was appropriate; (2) whether there was a genuine issue of material fact; and (3) whether the appellant was entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Verbatim, the Louisiana Code of Civil Procedure Article 966(C)(2) states: "the movant's burden on the motion [for summary judgment] does not require him to negate all essential elements of the adverse party's claim, action or defense, but rather to point out to the court that there is an absence of factual support for one or more elements essential to the adverse party's claim, action, or defense." Additionally, in a medical malpractice case, a plaintiff is required under Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:2794(A) to prove the three following elements: "(1) the standard of care applicable to the defendant; (2) that the defendant breached the standard of care; and (3) that there was a causal connection between the breach and the resulting injury."
The real questions that remained included if there a genuine issue as to material fact and is the family entitled to judgment as a matter of law? It is safe to speculate that a person without an advanced degree in medicine can see a problem with a patient being misdiagnosed and treated for an ailment she did not have. Under these details, it is probably safe to go one step further and conclude that summary judgment was not rightfully granted. Doubt and questions as to material fact are dripping all over this case.
So, why was the summary judgment motion granted? In this case the decedent's family had the burden to prove that there was a breach in the standard of care administered by the physician. In order to accomplish this task, it was necessary to present an affidavit from an expert. It turns out the decedent's family was not able to obtain an expert neurologist in time to draft an opinion. After two failed attempts with motions to continue, the decedents engaged a cardiologist, who was also a board certified internist, for a supporting affidavit. However, the court looked right through the substance of the documents, or lack thereof, and granted the summary judgment motion, which brings us to the present.
Basically, by the structure of law, the defendants had to show that factual evidence exists to adequately establish there is no genuine issue of material fact in order to be successful with the motion. Here, it is not readily apparent that the healthcare and insurance providers were able to complete such a weighty task. The defendants argued that the expert's opinion failed to identity his training or experience, as required under the statute, since he did not specialize in the desired field of neurology. However, Hebert v. Podiatry Ins. Co. of America determined that the particular field of specialty is not the crucial point, but instead the knowledge of the subject matter, such that the individual possesses the capacity to testify as to the matter at hand in satisfying the plaintiff's burdens. Due to the fact that the cardiologist was not a neurologist, the lower court determined that he was not credible. However, it was strictly stated in the doctor's opinion that "the standards of care 'are common to both the specialties and are equivalent and known' to him." The doctor also discussed how it was obvious that the misdiagnosis combined with the complications of lupus dramatically reduced the decedent's chance of survival.
Accordingly, it was determined that the lower court got it wrong. The cardiologist was in fact capable of testifying as to the standard of care that should have been given to the decedent. This leads to the conclusion that an expert witness need not have the exact same training or specialty in order to testify as to the burdens a plaintiff must meet in a medical malpractice case, so long as they are equipped with the knowledge and experience to competently answer the questions. The grant of summary judgment in favor of Dr. Snatic and LAMMICO was reversed.
If you or your loved ones have suffered an injury or death at the hands of a health care provider, please contact the Berniard Law Firm Toll-Free at (866)-574-8005. We will work to make sure justice is served.